the surveys done by INGEOMINAS, IGAC, IDEAM, INVIAS, Universities, etc. .. October INVIAS – IGL () – Manual de Estabilidad de Taludes – INVIAS. INTRODUCCIÓN. Los muros de contención son estructuras que proporcionan estabilidad al terreno natural u otro material cuando se modifica su talud natural. FORMATO DEL MANUAL DE INTERVENTORÍA. Manejo Ambiental, actualizada por el INVIAS en el mes de abril de , los proyectos de .. pedraplenes, así como de los taludes de las excavaciones. Captación inconformismo de propietarios y empleados de la zona que pueden ver en riesgo su estabilidad.

Author: Vuran Akinomuro
Country: Serbia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Spiritual
Published (Last): 11 March 2014
Pages: 48
PDF File Size: 5.79 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.58 Mb
ISBN: 383-6-66578-436-3
Downloads: 98515
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Meztik

Introducing these rock mass and laboratory xe values in the RocLab program Rocscience, results in a complete set of geomechanical data referring to the material in which the tunnel is to be excavated, including rock mass classification, density, peak and residual Mohr Coulomb strength envelopes and elastic parameters.

La primera meta fueron 5. Once dilatancy is known, the full or complete strain stress curve is known.

Also, since natural processes are dynamic, it should be remembered that the evaluation is done for the date of the map and that the use of maps of different dates for dd same evaluation will distort the results. Taken into consideration in this case was very poor quality blasting and local damage to the surrounding rock mass.


In order to characterize a strain softening Hoek Brown rock talides the following basic information is needed: In white color we can observe the plastic zone around the tunnel. This procedure results in all the parameters needed to obtain the GRC of tunnels excavated in Hoek Brown strain softening rock masses in accordance with the approaches described in Alonso et al. Using these techniques, the equivalent Hoek Brown and Mohr Coulomb strength parameters are obtained.

The behaviour illustrated in Fig. Theoretically, the hazard component should be evaluated in terms of destructive potential, the element strength in terms of compatible units with the absorption of this potential by the element without damage and the talufes as a function of the estabiilidad and temporal relative position of the elements involved in relation with the distribution of the magnitude of the hazardous phenomena.


Cruces de Tuberia Home Cruces de Tuberia. Two weathered granites have been chosen.

Therefore the interested reader should read the references at the end of the paper. These graphs illustrate that all the methods utilized yield similar values so we can feel confident in the different approaches for this case of tunnels excavated esttabilidad rock masses obeying the Hoek Brown criterion and behaving in an elastic perfectly plastic manner.

Nevertheless, the actual behaviour of the tunnel must, in all cases, lie somewhere in between esatbilidad two extremes represented by the elastic perfectly plastic and elastic brittle models. The values for the LDPs, obtained according to the tzludes methodology, are shown in Fig Briefly studied also was the influence of using different LDP approaches, estabklidad as, for instance, a purely elastic approach Panet, or a measured data average approach Chern et al.

Soiltac, una vez aplicado y curado, es completamente transparente, dejando el paisaje con la apariencia de no haber sido intervenido. To check the quality establiidad our models, the results obtained with the proposed formulation of Equations 7. Cruces de mutantes Drosophila melanogaster Cruces de mutantes de D.

It has been observed that the differences are not significant Figure 7. The proposed approach is tested on five rock masses the same intact rock but with rock mass qualities ranging from poor to good and calculated GRCs for standard tunnels excavated to a depth of m; LDPs were also obtained applying the rigorous approach described in Hoek et al.

Neumann boundary conditions are used. It is shown how to obtain the values of the peak and residual strength, the elastic Young s modulus and Poisson s ratio and the drop modulus.


Cloruro de Magnesio Hexahidratado Bischofita 1. Between these two materials, moderately weathered granite is a very common rock, which is difficult to characterize, due to its strain softening behaviour. Rock mass classification RMR estimates for poor, good and medium quality rock masses, the main parameters calculated from the invisa ground reaction curves, support and reinforcement recommendations along with distances to the tunnel face.


Therefore, the perfectly brittle, esrabilidad brittle plastic and perfectly plastic behaviour models are limiting cases of this strain softening model, which the author of this thesis thinks that should be considered the most general case.

The CCM consists of three basic components in the form of graphs: The importance of adequate post failure behaviour model selection for tunnel analysis has been demonstrated. Landslide potential energy is controlled both by internal properties, such as mass brittleness Bishop, deformability, residual strength i.

La resistencia es el esfuerzo que soporta una roca para. Panamerican Symposium on Landslides – Vol. This approach is used in this study to estimate the input parameters of the presented models.


Figure Drop modulus results of granite Castro II rock samples. For soft rock masses, the support and reinforcement curves would be identical from an engineering point of view for the strain softening model with variable drop modulus and variable dilatancy and the elastic perfectly plastic model.

For the average quality rock mass, the final displacements change from around 18 cm for the elastic perfectly plastic case to around cm for the purely elastic brittle case, a clear indication that adequate selection of the post failure behaviour model is essential. How can it help a teacher? This system permits performing analysis controlling strain and obtaining results as shown in Fig Figure 4.