LEY 22285 PDF

The appellant alleged that Article 45 of the Broadcasting Law (Ley de .. Por lo que el párrafo primero del Art. 45 de la ley y las normas dictadas en su. , Spanish, Book edition: Radiodifusión: marco regulatorio: Ley nacional de radiodifusión 22,, Decreto reglamentario /81 / [Claudio] Schifer. (Law of , InfoLEG, available at (Gustavo Ybarra, El kirchnerismo logró aprobar en general la nueva ley de medios, DIARIO LA.

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The aforesaid rule has as an exception that operates in the case that there is unequivocal evidence that a political party has transferred part of its private funds to a privately-owned company. The Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression has pursued the aim of furthering comparative law studies as a way of contributing to the flow of information between the member States regarding the international standards which govern the right to freedom of expression, in 222885 hope that it will lead to a deeper understanding and establishment of the 222285 to freedom of expression in the Americas.

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LA “LEGITIMIDAD” DEL ENUNCIADOR JURÍDICO EN LA LEY DE RADIODIFUSIÓN ARGENTINA (/80)

Facts of the case. The right of expression may not be restricted by indirect methods or means, such as the abuse of government or private controls over newsprint, radio broadcasting frequencies, or equipment used in the dissemination of information, or by any other means tending to impede the communication and circulation of ideas and opinions. In several Latin American countries, a cadena nacional “national network”, also referred to as a cadena oficial or red voluntaria is a joint broadcast, over various media usually radio and televisiondirected at the general population of a state.

Such a provision cannot be arbitrary in its absolute exclusion of certain associations, preventing its members from applying for a broadcasting license for the only reason that they are not constituted as a commercial corporation regulated by the law, and without this exclusion being based on an objective and reasonable criteria, because this ultimately amounts to an unreasonable limitation of the right to freedom of expression and of the right to freedom of association.

The prior law was replaced in Regarding issue a it is important to note that given that the funds of the parties whether they have a public or private source are, by constitutional mandate Article 96, paragraph 3 of the National Constitution subject to the principles of publicity and transparency, the number of current accounts, their movement and balance in the commercial banks of the state, private banks or any financial entity are of public interest, and therefore, can be accessed by any person.

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Retrieved from ” https: The ban on prior censorship. Consequently, this Court understands that it must be rejected ….

Any pey for war and any advocacy of national, racial, or religious hatred that constitute incitements to lawless violence or to any other similar action against any person or group of persons on any grounds 22285 those of race, leey, religion, language, or national origin shall be considered as offenses punishable by law.

Forced cadenas nacionales of a political nature have been strongly criticized by some media outlets, as in some cases it requires them to broadcast opinions that differ from their normal editorial stances. Cadenas nacionales are obligatory for all television and radio stations, and are used to broadcast presidential reports and messages of national interest. Democratic criteria for the concession of radio and television broadcast frequencies. Many of those standards have been included in the Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression.

Since Chile’s return to democracy inmost cadenas nacionales have been voluntary in nature, but in the 222855 of Augusto Pinochet and his predecessors, stations were obliged to carry these messages. After the preliminary hearings were held, the issue was left to be decided by the Court of First Instance of Montevideo. Regarding issue bthis Court assesses that the number of accounts held by any juridical person or collective organization constituted according to private law—corporation, partnership, limited liability company, foundation, association, etc.

In order to illustrate this idea, the Commission pointed out that Article 29 of the American Convention states that “No provision of this Convention shall be interpreted as: On February 20,the accusation brought by Mr.

This section highlights some court decisions that have expressly or implicitly taken account of international standards protecting freedom of expression. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 above, public entertainments may be subject by law to prior censorship for the sole purpose of regulating access to them for the moral protection of childhood and adolescence.

This is why the limitation imposed by the challenged legal provisions is unjustified and constitutes a clear violation of the right to freedom of association, as it imposes the end for which people will legally associate, without there being a sufficient justification for sustaining an imposition which prevents certain non-profit organizations from conducting an activity which is in essence of a cultural nature. The Organic Communication Law’s article 74 replaced it, retaining the requirements for broadcasters and extending them to pay television services, which must suspend their own program transmissions to carry cadenas.

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One type of cadena nacional is obligatory for all television stations according to the electoral law, the franja electoral or simultaneous transmission of campaign material from the major political parties; this is the only time election campaign ads are broadcast on television. This right includes freedom to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing, in print, in the form of art, or through any other medium of one’s choice.

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. According to the legal framework that governs broadcasting, in order to apply for a legal authorization to provide a broadcasting station with frequency modulation, it is required that the applicant is a physical person or a commercial corporation that is legally constituted, which excludes civil associations, cooperatives, and mutual and non-profit associations.

The organization of this section takes account, as it must, of the standards arising from interpretation of Article 13 of the Convention, which declares that:. Emergency population warning systems Spanish-language television. They are obligatory for all broadcasters, as is the transmission of state-designed “public good” campaigns.

La “Legitimidad” Del Enunciador Juridico en la Ley de Radiodifusion Argentina (22285/80) (Report)

InPresident Rafael Correa ordered Ecuador’s television stations to broadcast cadenas nacionales over the course of the year, the highest such figure in the region and 92 more than Venezuela in the same year.

Most of this time is used to run official advertising, managed by SEGOB, and during electoral campaigns election advertising, managed by the National Electoral Institute.

On one occasion, television stations were forced to broadcast a minute-long musical performance contained within a cadena nacional.