Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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: Rodolfo Stavenhagen: Books, Biography, Blogs, Audiobooks, Kindle
The Dynamics of Racial Identity in Colombia. Population, Ethnicity, and Nation-Building. Politics and the Resurgence of Identity.
Remaking the American Mainstream: Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Overall, children of indigenous parents are much more likely to also be classified as indigenous when proxy self-identification is used as a criterion than when language proficiency is used. I find that movement across the ethnic boundary depends on which of the two criteria currently recognized by the Mexican census is used.
Francis and Tannuri-Pianto find evidence of a shift in the racial identification of students applying to a major Brazilian university following the implementation of a quota system whereby 20 percent of admission slots were reserved for applicants who self-identify as black negro. By contrast, in the regression models where proxy self-identification is used as a criterion for classification, the magnitude of the negative coefficient for indigenous children is actually significantly smaller than that for indigenous mothers suggesting that the opposite selection process operates: Similarly, for children of indigenous migrants to urban areas, identifying as indigenous may be based on an attachment to a few cultural symbols without a personal connection to other members of the group, and with few social consequences.
Somatic and Racial Considerations. This study examines ethnic boundary crossing and its impact on estimates of educational disparities in the specific context of Mexico, a country with the largest indigenous population in the Western hemisphere Layton and Patrinos La Pluralidad en Peligro. Brazilian children of higher socioeconomic status parents are significantly more likely to be classified in whiter categories Schwartzman ; Francis and Tannuri-Pianto English Choose a language for shopping.
Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. As demonstrated in the second part of the statistical analysis, estimates of the educational disadvantage of indigenous children are lower when proxy self-identification is used, which may be due precisely to the fact that greater ethnic pride leads more educated parents to identify their children as indigenous.
In an attempt to address this problem, the ethnic identification question was slightly revised in the Mexican census questionnaire. Multiculturalism in Latin America: Second, in order to fully control for municipality characteristics that are unobserved and may be correlated with the variables of interest, I also test municipality fixed effects models.
The latter category is particularly important for mothers since a large percentage of children are not living with their fathers. With regards to the impact of community-level characteristics, the results of the models presented in Table 2 indicate that living in municipalities where a higher proportion of residents speak an indigenous language is associated with higher odds that a child will also be able to speak the language.
Current Issues in Language and Planning. Etnicidad y Clase Media. Get to Know Us.
For these reasons, indigenous language proficiency should be retained as an alternative measure in the census and other sociodemographic surveys. A larger concentration of speakers of the same minority language promotes the retention of the language for similar reasons.
Contesting Citizenship in Latin America: The World Bank; Following critics who ka that language proficiency was an overly restrictive and externally-imposed criterion for indigenous identification e.
: Rodolfo Stavenhagen: Books, Biography, Blogs, Audiobooks, Kindle
In their classic study of ethnic relations in Southeastern Mexico, Colby and van den Berghe Moreover, there are significant differences in the percentage of absent fathers across ethnic categories. Children under the age of 5 may not yet have a well-established ethnic identification.
A New Mexican Nationalism? Mestizaje in Mexico During the National Period. More interestingly, having an absent parent also increases the odds of acquiring proficiency in an indigenous language for the child compared to having another parent who does not speak the language, particularly if the absent parent is the father. Encouraged by indigenous rights activists and international organizations, many countries are moving towards a classification system based on self-identification instead of relying on language proficiency.
However, this finding does not appear to extend to the private sector, where an indigenous identity does not generally serve as a resource for career advancement. Structural Changes and Shifts in Racial Classification.
Yet we do not know how the use of this new criterion affects the rate at which children will retain the indigenous classification of their parents, or estimates of the disadvantage faced by indigenous peoples. Language proficiency may be thought to provide a bright boundary between ethnic categories insofar as an individual who does not speak an indigenous stsvenhagen simply cannot be considered indigenous. Because individuals with higher levels of education will generally be more exposed to the multicultural message and also be more receptive to it, we may expect a greater retention of the indigenous identity among those that are more educated.
A vast amount of research documents the stigma that has traditionally been associated with being considered indigenous stwvenhagen the broader Mexican society e. In the statistical analysis below I will therefore test the hypothesis that the presence of indigenous language schools in a municipality increases the retention of indigenous languages across generations.
Patterns of Race in the Americas. The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil. The results from Model 4 further indicate that the association between parental education and the indigenous identification of children varies by level of urbanization.
The ability and willingness of parents to classify their children in a different category as themselves will depend on the exact criteria for ethnic classification. A similar argument has also been made with regards to minority language use Stevens Using self-identification to classify the indigenous population of course has many advantages.
Sampling weights are provided by the Mexican census and used throughout the analysis. etavenhagen
It is therefore surprising eetnica when people are allowed greater freedom to choose their own ethnic identification and that of their children they more frequently choose to identify as indigenous.