Jean François Niceron () was a catholic friar^, mathematician, and an artist with a passion for investigating perspective. He was a. La Perspective Curieuse Du Reverend P. Niceron Minime: Divise’e En Quatre Livres () (French Edition) by Jean Francois Niceron and Marin Mersenne . NICERON, JEAN-FRANçOIS(b. Paris, France, d. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September )geometrical optics. Source for information on Niceron.
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Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Inat the age of nineteen, he joined the Order of Minims. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Who’s Who of Victorian Cinema. The second Book addresses the problem of establishing perspective for paintings executed on curved or irregular surfaces, like vaults and niches, presents a nixeron technique of anamorphosis. The prehistoric cave paintings ejan Lascaux may also possess this technique because the oblique angles of the cave would otherwise result in distorted figures from a viewer’s perspective.
Book three discusses and explains the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors. It’s comforting to see that some of my own fumbling experiments in the field of calculated perspective weren’t entirely a waste of time.
Here Niceron shows, for example, how to construct on the interior surface of a cone a distorted image which, when viewed from the end through the base, appears in proper proportion.
Book four deals with the distortions created by refraction. Sympathetic to the natural magic still current in his time, he tended to view optics as the art of illusion rather than the science of light.
Niceron, Jean-François |
First published in with 25 plates, Niceron’s work was enlarged by Roberval and republished inalong with the first edition, posthumously published, of a scholarly work on optics and catoptrics by Mersenne — Retrieved from ” https: It contained the first published reference to Descartes’s derivation of the law of refraction.
It concentrates primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics and dioptrics. Retrieved 30 April In the 20th century some artists wanted to renew the technique of anamorphosis.
This was to have been followed by two other editions, but Niceron died before he niveron complete them. A number of editions were released from the s to the s that varied the amount of text from the first edition. He closely followed optics and geometryand used this knowledge to create the anamorphic paintings for which he is known. Dioptrics is a branch of optics dealing with the refraction of light, jeam by lenses Anamorphosis is a distorted projection of an image which only becomes clear when the observer’s point of view changes or it is viewed as a reflection produced by a specific curved mirror surface The 17th century book illustrations below instruct artists about the basic geometrical properties involved in producing artworks with some types of drancois and distorted perspectives and optical illusions.
Niceron showed, for example, how to construct on the interior surface of a cone a distorted image which, when viewed end on through the base, appears in proper proportion.
His Perspective curieuse defines the range and nature of the problems he addressed; later editions of the work simply provide more detail.
The and editions are both available online. In closing, I’ll just note that this subject gets very heavy, very fast, once you dip your toes into the mathematical dimensions francojs optical physics, and I’ve hopefully avoided that here for all our sakes.
Some commentary suggests that Niceron was a leading lightif not the first, to properly attempt an analysis of optical properties such as anamorphosis. They also incorporated works by other authors. The edition online via Google ebooks is perhaps the easiest site in which to see all the plates in thumbnail form.
Newer Post Older Post Home. He explained how to draw on a plane surface a distorted figure which, when viewed by means of a cylindrical mirror standing perpendicular to the plane, appears in normal proportion.
His painting The Ambassadors is the most famous example for anamorphosis, in which a distorted shape lies diagonally across the bottom of the frame. Here Niceron abandoned any effort at general treatment and concentrated instead on constructing an optical device consisting of a polyhedral lens that gathers elements of one figure and unites them into another, totally different figure.
Niceron was also an artist, with a particular interest in the use of anamorphosis in religious art. In 18th and in 19th century, anamorphic images had nicwron to be used more as children’s games than fine art. His connection with these societies led to associations with some of the top intellectuals from Paris and Rome.
Plane anamorphosis by Jean Francois Niceron, 1638.
Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne in French. The dome and vault of the Church of St. Here Niceron shows, for example, how to construct on the interior surface of a cone a distorted image that, when viewed from the end through the base, appears in proper proportion. While I have no real basis to disbelieve that assessment, a lot of treatises on perspective were published before Niceron’s time by eminent scientists and artists and I think this deep subject requires a lot more study than a mere skim of a search engine results page to draw definitive conclusions.
If you include ANY links that aren’t pertinent to the blog post or discussion they will be deleted and a rash will break out in your underwear. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September geometrical optics. Intent on finding a scientific solution to the problems presented by perspectiveNiceron worked out the geometric algorithms for producing anamorphic art and inat the age of 25, published a treatise titled La perspective curieuse, ou magie artificielle des effets merveilleux roughly translated as “The curious perspective or artificial magic of marvelous effects”.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. The Artificial Magic in Optical Distortions Catoptrics is an area of study concerned with the properties of reflection and the formation of images by reflecting light off mirrors. Enter your search terms Submit search form. A later expanded treatise ensured Niceron’s place in history. This work has been translated in part by Ant.
These relationships with the academic world helped him stay up to date with intellectual advancements. The frequent travels required by the latter post weakened his already frail health, and he died at the age of thirty-three while visiting Aix.