False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.
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File:Icacina senegalensis MS JPG – Wikimedia Commons
Description Icacina senegalensis MS Horticultural Development Although the plant is sometimes cultivated, it is only on a very small, household scale. The third edible product is a fleshy, tuberous root. Reduction of some toxicants in Icacina mannii by fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Information from Venceslas Goudiaby. Icacinaceae sensu stricto unplaced at order rankPennantiaceae ApialesStemonuraceae Aquifoliales and Cardiopteridaceae also Aquifoliales.
But sometimes a portion survives and produces a new shoot anyway. The tubers are then sliced and soaked in clean water for several days to soften the flesh and leach out bitter compounds. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book.
Icacina oliviformis – African Orphan Crops Consortium
It is also easy to harvest because the bush seldom exceeds 80 cm in height and bears its fruits near the outside, where they can be oliiviformis without difficulty.
In part, this resource has also suffered because it is a shrub. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. This would help provide the ultimate in food security, not only filling bellies down the decades but also helping save the populace when disastrous droughts arise. They are then dried in the sun, pulverized, and sieved. Seeds are normally boiled and eaten directly, but can also be redried for further storage or pounded into powder like cassava or sorghum.
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 53 2: Icacinaceae sensu stricto contains about … Read more References Switchboard Wikipedia.
The fruit is a bright-red ovoid berry, approximately 2. Inthough, this circumscription was found to be polyphyleticand the family was split into four families in three different orders: The starch granules are irregular in shape and size, some spherical and some elliptical, with diameters varying from 12 to 50 microns.
The plant can be troublesome in savanna lands and along roadsides. They are soaked several days, boiled in new water, dried, dehusked, and ground. The fruits, for instance, are widely enjoyed during the annual harvesting season.
This rugged shrub is the traditional emergency reserve for use in the absolute worst of times when even pearl millet succumbs. For a wild and untended plant, oliviformjs are remarkable amounts. False yam Descri ption. The National Academies Press.
Even exploratory trials are not justified at present. Olivifoemis five-petaled flowers are inconspicuous, usually white or cream, and pedunculate on an ascending panicle. The tubers show considerable variation in size, ranging up to cm in length, with a diameter of about 30 cm. People truly enjoy the fruits as well as the seeds, which represent a permanent, reliable, and very tasty food. Retrieved from ” https: Nonetheless, there appear to be three locales of especial abundance: You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
The resulting meal can be mixed with that of millet or beans to make a thick paste known as enap in Senegal. Toxicological Studies Although widely eaten, there exist some safety concerns about the seeds and tubers, at least of some species.
Although the giant size of the old roots makes them hard to harvest, those pulled up on an annual basis would be smaller and much easier to lift from the soil. What results is a white, grayish, or creamy-yellow flour.
Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? Are any residues left in the flour? Although an especially hardy life form, olivifirmis are generally neglected in development activities.
The species is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated in ooliviformis at least in Senegal. Nonetheless, it could be produced in far greater amounts. To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. Even though scientists may not know much about this plant, rural peoples know a lot. Both tubers and seeds contain bitter compounds that must be washed out.
And there should be a check of seed germination, which is a possible difficulty through the seeds having a short longevity. People leave them underground until absolutely needed.
Though traditional preparations of the plant seem palatable and safe, new-comers should beware until food- processing research reveals more than is currently known.
In a test in a mouse-infested storeroom, for example, seeds remained untouched during several weeks. In the northern parts of the Central African Republic, for instance, hordes of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and keep themselves fed during the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages. Roots are difficult to lift from the soil and their preparation is arduous.
This page was last edited on 9 Marchat