Coulson, S., Van Petten, C., Federmeier, K. D., & Kutas, M. (). Right hemisphere sensitivity to word- And sentence-level context: Evidence. First published: 28 February Address reprint requests to: Kara D. Federmeier, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, E. This work was supported by grants HD and AG to Marta Kutas. Memory & Cognition. July , Volume 33, Issue 5, pp – | Cite as Kara D. Federmeier Email author; Heinke Mai; Marta Kutas. Kara D. Federmeier. 1.

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Yet we know of no federmeied that directly compare results from language comprehension tasks that provide measures of predictive processing with those from overt language production tasks using the same materials and subject populations.

This relatively simple and neurobiologically plausible proposed difference has broad consequences for behavior and can account for many of the patterns of hemispheric specialization observed in language, at the word, sentence, and discourse levels, and in verbal memory.

Aging in context: age-related changes in context use during language comprehension.

These data thus suggest that although the RH may not be necessary to support the basic functions essential for the processing of individual words or simple sentences, it may make important contributions to higher level meaning processing and pragmatics—linking words and sentences across larger language units and using language information in a flexible and context-sensitive manner.

Adult age differences in regional cerebral blood flow during visual world identification: 20055, follow-up comparisons were done within each group separately. Surprise but not coherence: However, Experiment 2 revealed no evidence that older adults are actually slower than young adults at producing category exemplars or antonyms on demand.


Coarse semantic coding and discourse comprehension. Functional organization and neuroanatomical basis. The conditions thus differed only in how strongly the lateralized target words were predicted by sentence-level information.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Another finding that emerged in this study federmeief a repetition effect on the P2, with larger responses to new than to old test words.

RH contributions to comprehension have also been examined in brain-intact individuals using visual half-field VF presentation methods. Yet the greater specificity with which the input is represented and retained can afford future flexibility, as information can be reinstated and then reanalyzed as needed, potentially allowing for the appreciation of more varied and temporally distant relationships between stimuli. Obtaining evidence of language comprehension from sentence priming.

Federmeier KD, Kutas M. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. In the current task, the cues were simple pointers to 20055 knowledge and participants had ample time to process the cue before apprehending the target.

Norming studies established that both violation types were unexpected and implausible completions for the sentence pairs. However, the results of Experiment 1 showed that older adults also fail to show predictive processing during comprehension when working memory demands are relatively minimized and when tasks instead rely primarily on the kind of knowledge shown to be preserved or augmented with age.

A number of different asymmetries have been uncovered with these methods, leading, in turn, to several proposals about the nature of the underlying processing differences.

Experimental and naturalistic approaches. Whereas there is now a better sense of which brain areas may be involved in various fevermeier functions, the computations that these areas perform are not yet understood well enough to afford an explanation of why a LH area might be fecermeier involved in a given function whereas the RH homologue, with essentially the same basic cell types, neurochemistry, and inputs and outputs, is not.


Age-related and individual differences in the use of prediction during language comprehension

Evidence for feeermeier constancy in automatic and attentional processes. Summation priming and coarse semantic coding in the right hemisphere.

See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Primes were presented centrally and targets were lateralized to the LVF and RVF; participants named the targets after a delayed cue.

Kara Federmeier – Google Scholar Citations

Kuts hypothesis, then, is that age-related deterioration of frontal lobe pathways reduces the likelihood that top-down mechanisms will be automatically engaged by incoming stimuli. However, as can be anr in Figure 4there were VF-based differences in the effect of constraint on higher level visual processing as indexed by the frontal P2. Abstract During sentence comprehension, older adults are less likely than younger adults to predict features of likely upcoming words. In sentence processing tasks, failure to predict might have arisen as a consequence of older adults finding it more difficult to build a sentence message-level representation from which to make a prediction e.

Aging in context: age-related changes in context use during language comprehension.

Evidence for consistency in semantic encoding during adulthood. Word associations in old age: Automatic in the left hemisphere, postlexical in the right hemisphere? Sentence processing strategies in healthy seniors with poor comprehension: Patterns across sentence processing studies had suggested this, with unexpected but plausible endings eliciting feddrmeier effect Federmeier et al.