Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric, cataphoric, or exophoric by selecting your choice in the pull-down menu next to each item. After you make. Definition of Exophoric from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English. Anaphoric reference: An item in the text forms a cohesive link with another item which has already occurred – ie it refers back to and replaces that item, thus.

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Here are some examples of exophoric reference: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. I could not believe it – the movie was an hour later than expected. The way in which, by different referehce, a whole text is considered as such and the sentence in the text are considered as linked. Tom was saying that he was going to the movies. I’ll make sure to double check.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing

Robusto k 28 He sat down at the table and took a small box from his pocket. It was then that he saw her. Probably just a typo? Reference examples with demonstratives: But John does appear in the text.


You entered into a tiny little hallway and the kitchen was off that. What is anaphoric reference? What is cataphoric reference? The pronoun is referring to something coming later. And the living room was very small room with two windows that wouldn’t be opened and things like that.

That is quite different to my understanding, but the concept of deixis does seem to be quite varied depending on your field. Email Required, but never shown. What’s the deal with exophoric pronoun references?

An ELT Notebook: An ELT Glossary : Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Reference

The book refers to Moby Dick. How shall we tell him? If it is a general statement about some unnamed scientists somewhere or the elusive “they” who are responsible for all rumored activitieswhich the author rererence to be obvious to the reader, then it is exophoric.

Sign up using Email and Password. And it looked nice. As for personal pronoun reference went, they might refer cataphorically or anaphoric ally.

Baby of Linguistics 1. According to thisit would seem pronouns are usually classified as exophoric or anaphoric. He found the weather to be calming and relaxing.

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued refereence of the website is subject to these policies. The book was there on the table. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.


I have been reading referennce errors with exophoric pronoun references the paper was mostly aimed at preparing one for a certain standardized testand found the author saying “In the context of this test, exophoric pronouns are always incorrect. Cohesive ties can be either grammatical or lexical: And if “John” is mentioned later, “he” will be cataphoric reference.

Post as a guest Name. It seems like the context for the referent within this test is defined as the sentence, and not the text as a whole.

Newsweek21 Sept Can you give an example of an exophoric pronoun that is not deictic? You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

Also, is this in reference to a text or to speech?