English: The Codex Borbonicus is an aztec codex held at the library of the Français: Le Codex Borbonicus est un codex aztèque conservé à. The Codex Borbonicus is thought to be the only one whose style matches the pre -Conquest Náhuatl style, nevertheless it is considered to be a colonial copy. Alongside the Codex Borbonicus and Codex Magliabechiano, there were several Aztec codices produced around the time of the Spanish conquest. Some were.

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Growth and Cutting off are contrasted.

Aztec manuscript under the microscope

But other experts maintain that it is a copy of a pre-colonial original. We are happy to listen to your suggestions and improve this page. There are nine Lords of the Night: A Sacred Almanac of the Aztecs: Both of The Two are shown as old and with the black hair of starless darkness, the void from which they arose self existent. Baessler Archiv Festchrift fiir Walter Krickeberg.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Each of these groups is dominated by a picture of the gods and fortunes of the period, and each day is offered between the open arms of its apropriate Lord of the night. But the colouring used for Acatl is unusual it is green and yellow and could easily be mistaken for a maize symbol.

Pre-Columbian documents describing the beliefs and rites of Mesoamerican civilisations, between central Mexico and Costa Rica, are extremely rare. To the Mexicans the night periods were four, when trumpets sounded in the temples to awaken the priests for prayers and penitential bloodletting. The simple explanation is that we are dealing with both.

File:Codex Borbonicus (p. 4).jpg

The third section is focused on rituals and ceremonies, particularly those that end the year cycle, when the ” new fire ” must be lit.


Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. Organic pigments have a special texture and brilliance that suited the aesthetic standards of the Aztecs — a beautiful colour should be bright. Paso y Troncoso Francisco del. The unfortunate association of these deities with hypothetical hours has confused the understanding of Mexican beliefs for a long time now, and it is the more regrettable that the error was accepted without questioning by those great authorities Eduard Seler 2 and George Vaillant 3.

In his confusion he has recorded that these were the special deities of ladies None were produced by the Aztec empire or in its main language, Nahuatl. Very few survived the Spanish inquisition. General History of the Things of New Spain.

Loading comments… Trouble loading? This curious error leads one to think of the original purpose of the Codex.

A Glimpse into Ancient Mexico: Xiuhtecuhtli also had a double stellar function, he was a supporter of the heavent through the constellation of the fire-sticke 3 the Hyades in Taurus and also as Lord of the Centre he was Pole- star.

The picture-writing of the first illustration is unmistakeable. It has been suggested that these beings were Cipactonal and Oxo- moco, but these were the borboniicus of the first humans cdoex some of the Mexican legends. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It was originally pictorial and logographic as was usual for pre-Columbian Aztec codicies, although some Spanish descriptions have been added.

The fact that it also provides mysteries, not yet solved, make the manuscript even more interesting. We must now pay attention to pages 21 and 22 as a special section with a meaning of its own. The original pictures all point the same way as Borbonicus, that the Lords of the Night were Lords in succession on successive days of the whole period from sunset to sunrise, just as the Day Lords ruled the second period borhonicus sunrise to sunset, one for each ckdex in turn.

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“Codex Borbonicus, p. 12” by Christopher Pool and Barry Kidder

The Patrimex hyperspectral imaging system operates in a series of spectral bands ranging from the visible to infra-red and will photograph the Codex in bands. One must suppose that this specifies the luck of the coming year, which is blessed by its own individual god as Lord of the Night of the Year-Bearer Day.

Most of the page is taken up with a painting of the ruling deity or deities, with the remainder taken up with the 13 day-signs of the trecena and 13 other glyphs and deities.

The unity between the pages is in the borders where a series of day signs, each with its accompanying Lord of the Night, is presented in sequence. The Two was pre-eminently the deity of childbirth, of the commencement of life.

Codex Borbonicus facsimile editionpublished by Akademische Druck- u. Views View Edit History. There are occasional errors in the Spanish comments, notably on pages 21 and 22 wich are described by the commentator as months. Order by newest oldest recommendations. Retrieved from ” https: If it is a copy, it would have been produced just after the Spanish conquest, but using traditional techniques.

However, as we shall see, the material is quite easily comprehensible. Summary [ edit ] Description Codex Borbonicus p.