connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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The Imam can appoint the Electoral College as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate. Imam must be male Muslims. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Muhtasib Police or ombudsman.

This practice during the reign of Abbasids engendered palace intrigues and induced destructive internecine wars and dynastic feuds. Al-Mawardi after studying history concludes that the forty years maeardi Pious Caliphate represented the Islamic democracy.

An instable person cannot become a good ruler.

But Al-Mawardi says that one person is enough to elect the Caliph. Powers and position of minister execution is not of prime; significance.

The political thought of Abu Al-Hassan Al-Mawardi

Distinguished between religious millah and sociopolitical ummah forms of human association. This is followed by the allegiance of the maawrdi to be loyal to the new Imam.


There is flexibility in Islam and this issue has been left to the Muslims community to decide. This office therefore, is the outcome of Ijma.

Such a person is called imam or sovereign. Maqardi by Khushal at Al-Mawardi holds that there is complete consensus on this point in the Muslim community.

Hazrat Umar appointed a shura to elect imam. Tags al-mawardimuslim political thought Thread Tools. Those who recognize the absolute authority of the Caliph as Head of the Muslim nation naturally concede him the right, in his capacity as ruler, to appoint a successor. The Imam can nominate two or more heirs apparent to succeed him one after the other.

It is to avoid suspensions and spread of expected evils. When a person is duly elected as Imam the people should entrust him all the affairs and must give him unquestioning obedience. Al-Mawardi says if people are given opportunity to elect their imam, a cunning opportunist may deceive the voters and a corrupt person may become imam. There is no precedent in Islamic history when an Imam was deposed from office by legal and proper means. But in practice the early period of Islamic state and modern thought is to oppose his view.

His main contribution to Muslim political thought lies in the transformation of these ideas into a system, directly related to historical practice.

The election of a less qualified person in the presence of a more qualified person is perfectly legal, provided the former fulfils all the conditions of the Imamate. It is the duty of the judge to apply hadoods.

Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia

Minister delegation according to Al-Mawardi is a person ao whom the imam has the fullest confidence; he is delegated maximum powers by the imam. Qurayshite descent Rosenthal is of the view that the Caliph be physically and mentally fit to discharge his duties as ruler, and he must possess courage and determination to protect the territory of Islam and wage holy war against its enemies and against infidels.


He is of the opinion that after the imam and misters, qaza is a very important branch of government. The Imam may theody consult them in affairs of state. He portrayed not only what exists but also what ought to exist. He is of the view that imam can appoint various ministers execution to run various departments. In his book he quotes a Hadith. While both Basrah and Baghdad were centers of throry Mu’tazila school of thought, the great orthodox Shafi’i jurist al-Subki d. The above extreme opinion has been advocated by al-Mawardi to advance another important opinion given in the next section, where he discusses the case of two candidates equally qualified for the Imamate.

Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Here, a note of explanation seems to be necessary. There is no capacity of two imams at the same time. Is it specific for a particular family or race? He mawarrdi various branches of government in the light of the teachings of the Holy Quran, hadiths and period of the pios caliphs.