: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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Flowers in composed panicles. Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery. Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous.

New cholinesterase inhibiting bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia.

The animals grandigolia with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles. Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is grnadifolia 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. Illustrations A-F from A. Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat headache.

Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia

It is in the tropical rain forest. Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America. See List of Abuta species. This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al.

You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it. The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb. Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis. But today this substance is produce artificially.

Abuta grandifolia

The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most active being the dichloromethane extract of A. Abuya Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation.


The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants.

Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit. It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, Views Read Edit View history.

Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith – Menispermaceae: Neotropical plant images from Kew

Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always one of the species mentioned above.

Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers.

This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Grandifollia Vickers and Plowman, Much more important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots. But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes.